France beats all other countries when it comes to the production of wine. Italy stands at the second position, while Spain occupies the third spot. The fourth slot in the race is occupied by the United States.
The concept of making wine from grapes was introduced by the European settlers who came to occupy the American continent after Vasco de gama. In the US, there are about 4,500 square kilometres of cultivated vine.
The first efforts at wine production were initiated in the US between 1562 and 1564 using grapes in Florida by European colonizers. Grapes are the most commonly used to prepare wine because the fermentation of grapes doesn't require the addition of any kind of sugar or enzyme or acids. The sugar content in grapes is lost to the treatment to yeast, which converts sugar to ethanol and carbon-dioxide. Variations in wine are possible by varying the yeast and grapes.
They soon realized the taste of wine made from grapes grown in the US did not appeal to their palate. So, they took to importing wine, and even tried to grow grapes in the foreign land that owed allegiance to their European grapes.
Many grape plantations came up, several faced threats from attacks by rodents and pests. Moreover, prohibitory orders imposed in 1846 rendered the production and consumption of wine illegal. American wine was tried to be re-launched in 19333 when the orders were repealed.
All states in the US came to have vineyards thanks to extensive grape cultivation. As of today, as many as 3,000 commercial vineyards exist in the US.